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A.12.1 Define poverty and human development index.
A.12.2 Explain the significance of poverty.
Poverty is the world’s biggest killer in its own right and contributes to disease and death through the greater likelihood of living in a poor environment.
A.12.3 Outline the importance of targeted policy interventions.
Agrarian reform policies and other targeted interventions are designed to address disease and enhance life expectancy and health of poor communities.
A.12.4 Identify the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) in relation to poverty and food security.
A.12.5 Evaluate progress towards the MDGs.
By looking at at the chart about more than half of the goals and targets have not or will not be met. This could be due to financial, political, popluation and environmental issues hindering progress.
A.12.6 Explain how the human development index combines key poverty-related issues into a holistic measure that can be used at a country level to evaluate poverty alleviation strategies.
UNDP rankings of countries against the human development index.
A.12.7 Define food insecurity, undernourishment and undernutrition.
A.12.8 Describe undernourishment and undernutrition as distinct measures used to estimate the numbers of hungry people.
A.12.9 Explain how undernourishment and undernutrition are calculated.
FAO’s estimates of the prevalence of undernourishment are essentially a measure of food deprivation based on the calculation of three key parameters for each country:
A.12.10 List the criteria for food security.
Sufficient food is available, supplies are relatively stable and those in need of food can obtain it.
A.12.11 Identify the global extent of undernourishment.
800 million people in developing countries and approximately 34 million people in developed countries are chronically undernourished.
A.12.12 Explain the importance of local, national, international and global strategies in combating food insecurity.
A.12.13 Discuss the ethical issues surrounding the development of a global policy concerning food security.
A.12.14 Explain the role of the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations (UN) in combating food insecurity.
A.12.15 Evaluate the progress of the work of the FAO in relation to food security.
Bulleted list and italicised paragraphs are excerpted from Design Technology: guide. Cardiff Wales, UK: International Baccalaureate Organization, 2007.
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